The Human Factor

End Notes

  1. McNeely, C. & Blanchard, J. 2009. The Teen Years Explained: Taking Everyday Action to Support Healthy Adolescent Development. Centre for Adolescent Heath, John Hopkins University.
  2. National Department of Health (NDoH), Statistics South Africa (Stats SA), South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) & ICF. (2017). South African Demographic and Health Survey 2016: Key indicators report. Pretoria, South Africa
  3. De Lannoy, A., Leibbrandt, M. & Frame, E. 2015. A focus on youth: An
    opportunity to disrupt the intergenerational transmission of poverty.In: De Lannoy, A., Swartz, S., Lake, L. & Smith. C. (eds). South African Child Gauge 2015. Cape Town: Children’s Institute, UCT.
  4. Sui, X., Massar, K., Kessels, L.T.E., Reddy, P.S, Ruiter R.A.C., & Sanders-Phillips, K. 2018. Violence Exposure in South African Adolescents: Differential and Cumulative Effects on Psychological Functioning. Journal of Interpersonal Violence:p1–27
  5. Ward, C.L., Artz, L., Leoschut, L., Kassanjee, R. & Burton, P. 2018. Sexual violence against children in South Africa: a nationally representative cross-sectional study of prevalence and correlates. Lancet Global Health, 6(4): p460-468.
  6. Shepherd, D. 2011. Constraints to school effectiveness: what prevents poor schools from delivering results. National Bureau of Economic Research, University of Stellenbosch
  7. Van Broekhuizen, H., Van der Berg, S., & Hofmeyr, H. 2017. Higher Education Access and Outcomes for the 2008 National Matric Cohort. Stellenbosch Economic Working Papers No.16/2016. Available at SSRN: or
  8. STATS SA. 2020. Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS), 1st Quarter 2020. Available at:
  9. South African National AIDS Council (SANAC). 2017. National Strategic Plan 2017-2022.
  10. Bowler, D. 2019. Lady Skollie’s expansive art. New Frame, 24 September 2019. Access at: at:
  11. Typically, this refers to the relationship between an older, rich man and a younger (sometimes unemployed) woman who is ‘blessed’ financially through the relationship. This ‘blessing’ could include shopping sprees, hair and beauty treatments, overseas trips, cars etc.
  12. NDoH, Stats SA, SAMRC & ICF. (2017). South African Demographic and Health Survey 2016.

DGMT. 2017. Create Change: Youth, let’s get in their corner now! Available at:
DGMT. 2018. Zero-Dropout: Finding ways to help more learners make it through school. Available at:

Editorial Board

Each issue of the Human Factor is developed under the guidance and direction of a guest Editorial Board, made up of people who represent different perspectives on the theme of the issue. Our Editorial Board for this issue comprised:

Dr Adam Cooper is a Senior Research Specialist in the Education and Skills Development research programme of the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC). Adam works on a theme of research called Youth and the Future of Work. His work lies at the intersection of the Sociologies of Youth and Education. His current research interests focus on the ideas that excite marginalised young South Africans and how these can be used to create educational and work-related opportunities for empowerment.

Siphelele Chirwa is the CEO of Activate! – a national network of over 4 000 young leaders driving change across South Africa. Prior to taking on this role, Siphelele was the Executive Director and Lead Programme Facilitator for Educo Africa. She entered the organisation as a participant, grew into a facilitator and then became leader of the organisation. Siphelele has deep experience of designing and facilitating outdoor-based experiential programmes in leadership, life skills and rites of passage for young people from all backgrounds, as well as for adults. She studied Project Management and Youth Development, and is a leader of the Youth Development Forum in Langa, Cape Town.

Zolani Metu is a Mandela Rhodes Scholar and the Founder and Executive Director at Decolonial Mental Health, an organisation that provides disruptive and evidence-based solutions to contemporary mental health challenges in South Africa. In addition, as Programme Officer of the Jakes Gerwell Fellowship, Zolani focuses on student mental health and wellness at the University of Pretoria and WITS University, conducting functional assessments and psychosocial interventions and promoting student success through aligning experiences of daily living (EDLs) with students’ strengths.

Zukhanye Fata is a Leadership Network member and one of the youngest IkweloLethu mentors. She is based in Mdantsane and has insight on a variety of subjects, particularly those that affect young people. She is valued as one of the most dependent and eager members of bumb’INGOMSO, a movement dedicated to supporting and motivating young people to make healthy choices to mould their own futures.

Roderick Roman is a passionate community worker and activist with experience working with Activate! He is currently a youth and childcare worker at Youth for Christ and is the NACCW Membership Secretary. He wants to see more employment opportunities for young people who have an education, but also for those who don’t – and believes strongly that government should create more opportunities for young entrepreneurs.



Feminine Pride

(front cover)
‘Feminine Pride’

Lovelyn Nwadeyi is an established socio-economic and political voice in South Africa, holding a Bachelors degree in International Studies and an MSc in Peace and Conflict Resolution. After being involved with student and worker activism during the first wave of the #FeesMustFall and #EndOutsourcing movements (2015), she was named among the Mzansi 100 Influencers in 2017. She is founder and director of L&N Advisors, a consulting practice whose sole purpose is to see social justice normalised and embedded in both businesses, academic and religious spaces.

Francois Lion-Cachet is an Assistant Curator of the Constitutional Court Art Collection, employed by the Constitutional Court Trust. He is editor of the Afrikaans online magazine which features a variety of African artists, musicians and writers to the ends of moving towards a more inclusive and accepting society through celebrating diversity and relaying of alternative narratives. He holds a Master’s Degree in Media Law.

Danielle Bowler is a culture editor, writer and musician based in Johannesburg. Currently at New Frame, she is the former Managing Editor of ELLE Magazine and has bylines in Mail & Guardian, Eyewitness News, Cosmopolitan, Africa is a Country and Superbalist, among other publications. Danielle is also part of the team at Bloom, a platform for creative women entrepreneurs and freelancers by Mamakashaka creative agency, where she is the host of their bi-weekly conversation series.

Zamo Mbele is a clinical psychologist in Johannesburg. He is also a director on the Board of the South African Depression and Anxiety group (SADAG) and the MH Foundation – of which he is also a cofounder. He lends his expertise the African Leadership Academy (ALA), acting not only as a consultant and also providing supervision and training. Zamo Mbele is currently reading for a PhD at the University of the Witwatersrand.

Natasha Joseph is a freelance editor and journalist based in Cape Town. Her byline has appeared in a range of international and local publications, among them the Index on Censorship magazine, The Atlantic, Al-Jazeera English and the Big Issue.

Penny Waterkeyn is a graphic designer who has spent 25 years in the communications industry. She specialises in creating brand identities, focusing on finding each brand’s strategic relevance and designing its landscape and language.

Bart Love is a photographer, cinematographer and producing director. He studied anthropology at the University of Cape Town, and has travelled to more than 19 countries in his role as a videographer. For the past eight years, he has headed up the team at Anotherlove Productions, producing videos, animations, photographs, graphics, and software. He works with a number of development organisations supporting their work and strategies with visual media, leveraging its ability to encourage, agitate, challenge, teach and activate audiences.

Esther Etkin is a freelance communications specialist with substantial experience working in South African civil society. She majored in International Communications and Social Sciences at The American University of Paris, France. She holds a Masters in Gender from the London School of Economics.


DGMT is a South African foundation built on endowments from Douglas George Murray and his wife, Eleanor. DGMT is committed to developing South Africa’s potential through public innovation and strategic investment. Our goal for South Africa is a flourishing people, economy and society. Towards this end DGMT currently distributes about R160-million per year and leverages and manages a similar amount of funding through joint ventures with other investors.

If you do not create change, change will create you.